Kinder Scout footpath renewal
In December 2012 work completed on some of the best loved footpaths from Edale onto Kinder Scout. The renewed paths, renovated by the Moors for the Future team and working closely with landowners, will help the landscape recover from the effects of heavy foot traffic on these popular paths. In time it is expected that the bare peat sections on and around the path will become revetetaged and return to their natural condition - active blanket bog, home to native plants such as heather, bilberry and crowberry and an important habitat to moorland birds such as grouse and curlew.
The path runs from a junction with the start of the Pennine Way up to Grindstone Knoll and onto Kinder Scout. It was completed in the summer of 2012, when 1,107 metres of footpath was resurfaced, including a new pitched section to the top.
In total 236 tons of material were flown onto the site by helicopter. This included 122 tons of stone flags and 114 tons of pitching stone, used to build steps over the steepest sections of the path.
Water management features including ditches, water bars and fords have been installed to help reduce the effect of erosion caused by rainfall. The path has been landscaped and unified so that there is one defined path and not several intertwined strands on the section of open access land it passes through. Steep sections have been pitched which helps define the path as well as making it easier on the knees on the final stretch onto the Kinder Scout Plateau. This will help encourage walkers to keep to the path and protect the surrounding moorland habitat which is a Site of Special Scientific Interest.
The path has been resurfaced and seeded with a moorland grass mixture.
Crowden tower and Ringing Roger
The paths have been defined and unified in areas where the surface has become enlarged and braided by walkers taking alternative adjacent routes. Turf islands in the middle of sections of path will be removed and the path will be unified.
Flagstones were laid over areas of deep peat to protect it from walkers' feet - this allows the bare peat to recover and return to its natural state, covered with vegetation. It also helps walkers by giving them a firm surface underfoot.
Steep sections are often eroded with loose stones and can be difficult to walk on with walkers taking alternative routes and further eroding the hillside. Pitching stone has been put in place to ease the way over these difficult stretches, helping out walkers and keeping the path from becoming braided.
Building on previous works at the start of the path onto the Nab, steep eroded sections have been faced with stone pitching and other parts have been landscaped to the redefine the path.
The work has been carefully planned transform the paths into sustainable surfaces that will have a minimal visual impact on the landscape. Over time the footpaths will merge into their surroundings as moss grows over the path and the stone weathers. As a final touch grass seed will be spread on the path in spring to shore it up.
All of these footpaths benefit from improved water management techniques. Water erosion occurs when heavy rainfall runs along the path surface, picking up speed and washing away peat and soil as it goes. In order to prevent this the new paths are built so that the crossfall runs down slope - angling the path so that water runs away from the path. Water bars - channels cut cross-wise in the path - will be put in at regular intervals to take advantage of natural drainage to divert water away.