Cushion mosses are a group of mosses you are likely to encounter when you are out surveying;
- Like Sphagnum mosses they grow in patches, cushions or carpets.
- Shoots and branches always point upwards, unlike in Sphagnum where they often hang down.
- Shoots are usually unbranched, but sometimes may have one or two branches.
- Cushion mosses will be found on disturbed ground.
The image above shows some typical cushion mosses (left) along with Polytrichum (right) - the cushion moss which is most often confused with Sphagnum because it forms bright green and dense carpets. However, this moss does not have a capitulum and feels dry and slightly spiky to the touch.